• 16 Feb 2024

Embarking on the exploration of commodity trading in Nigeria is akin to navigating an intricate tapestry woven with both vast opportunities and unique challenges. As a forward-thinking entity, NGCB Group, established in 2022, has set its sights on contributing positively to the evolving landscape of Nigeria's commodity exchange.

Table of Content

What is Commodity Trading?

Commodity Trading is a dynamic financial activity centred around the buying and selling of commodities on organised markets, commonly facilitated through futures exchanges. This intricate market involves a spectrum of participants, including producers, who supply the actual commodities, users who consume them for various purposes, and speculators who engage in trading for profit without necessarily using the commodities.

Producers engage in commodity trading to manage the risk associated with price fluctuations, securing a predictable income for their goods. Users, on the other hand, participate to ensure a stable supply of essential commodities for their operations. Speculators play a crucial role by providing liquidity and contributing to the efficient functioning of the market, although their primary motive is profit generation.

The commodity market is inherently influenced by the fundamental economic forces of supply and demand. Changes in these factors, coupled with geopolitical events, weather patterns, and global economic trends, contribute to the continuous fluctuation of commodity prices. Traders navigate this ever-changing landscape, aiming to capitalise on price differentials and market trends to achieve financial gains.

In recent years, the spotlight on commodity trading has grown brighter in Nigeria. Entities such as the Nigerian Commodities Exchange (NCX) and private ventures have played significant roles. NGCB acknowledges the increasing importance of commodities and envisions contributing to the development of Nigeria's commodity exchange sector.

The landscape is dynamic, with multiple players striving to establish themselves as key contributors to the growth of commodity trading in Nigeria. The emergence of private ventures alongside established entities like the Nigerian Commodities Exchange reflects the sector's potential. NGCB recognises the pivotal role of a well-functioning commodity trading platform in fostering a vibrant ecosystem.

As the industry evolves, NGCB observes the trends and patterns that shape the landscape. From the diversification of traded commodities to the implementation of innovative trading technologies, the journey is marked by opportunities for growth. Amidst these developments, NGCB aspires to play a role in establishing a seamless and efficient commodity trading platform that aligns with the evolving needs of the market.

Embark on a journey through the multifaceted world of Nigeria's commodities, where the market is divided into distinct categories, each playing a unique role in shaping the country's economic landscape.

Soft Commodities: commodities, nurtured from the soil rather than mined, include agricultural products such as wheat, corn, soybeans, sugar, coffee, cotton, and livestock. Rooted in the agricultural sector, these goods form a crucial part of Nigeria's commodity exchange.

Hard Commodities: category encompasses tangible goods like precious metals (gold, silver, platinum), base metals (copper, aluminium, zinc), and energy products (crude oil, natural gas, coal). Hard Commodities reflect the nation's diverse natural resources.

Financial Commodities: physical goods, financial instruments like futures contracts, options, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) based on underlying commodities contribute to the financial intricacies of the market.

Commodities Markets in Nigeria: Several key players dictate the rhythm of Nigeria's commodity markets:

Nigerian Commodity Exchange (NCX): As the largest in Nigeria and West Africa, NCX facilitates trading in agricultural commodities like sesame seed, cashew, ginger, soya beans, sorghum, and groundnuts, alongside financial derivatives and solid minerals.

Nigerian Exchange Group (NGX): trading in commodity-linked ETFs and futures contracts, NGX is a significant player, including contracts for crude oil and natural gas.

Lagos Commodity and Futures Exchange (LCFE): engages in trading agricultural commodities, currencies, oil and gas, and solid minerals, contributing to the overall economic dynamics.

These commodity markets serve as vital conduits, facilitating the seamless flow of goods and playing a crucial role in Nigeria's economic vitality.

Harmonizing Challenges and Opportunities

The journey is not without obstacles. Challenges such as non-alignment among ecosystem participants and sub-optimal performance have affected the sector. NGCB Group aspires to overcome these challenges through collaborative efforts, fostering inclusivity, and working towards an organised commodities exchange ecosystem.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Commodity Trading


1. Diversification: trading opens avenues for diversifying investment portfolios, and strategically spreading risks across different asset classes. Investors can navigate market uncertainties more effectively by including commodities alongside traditional assets.

2. Liquidity: The commodity market's liquidity is a key advantage, ensuring that traders can swiftly buy or sell positions. This liquidity facilitates easy entry and exit, providing flexibility and reducing the impact of transaction costs.

3. Hedging: A notable benefit of commodity trading is its role in risk management. Participants, such as producers and consumers of commodities, can use derivative contracts to hedge against price fluctuations, safeguarding their financial interests.

4. Opportunity for Profit: trading thrives on market volatility, presenting traders with opportunities for profit. Price movements driven by supply and demand dynamics, geopolitical events, and economic factors create potential avenues for lucrative returns.

5. Global Market: Engaging in commodity trading offers exposure to a global market. Participants can diversify their investments across borders, capitalising on diverse market conditions and expanding their reach beyond domestic boundaries.


1. Risk: The inherent risk in commodity trading stems from price volatility. Fluctuations in commodity prices, influenced by various factors, can lead to financial losses for traders who must carefully manage and mitigate these risks.

2. Volatility: While volatility can present profit opportunities, it also introduces uncertainty. Sudden and drastic price changes may catch traders off guard, emphasising the need for robust risk management strategies to navigate market fluctuations.

3. Complexity: Commodity markets encompass a broad range of goods, each with its unique supply and demand dynamics. Understanding these complexities requires in-depth market knowledge, making commodity trading more challenging for those unfamiliar with the intricacies of specific commodities.

4. Regulation: Regulatory challenges are inherent in commodity trading, and changes in regulations can impact market participants. Traders muststay abreast of evolving regulatory frameworks, ensuring compliance and navigating potential hurdles.

5. Cost: in Commodity Trading involves costs, including transaction fees, brokerage fees, and other associated expenses. These costs reduce overall profitability and should be factored into trading strategies and decision-making.

Exploring Unique Investment Avenues

Within the expansive realm of investment possibilities like equities, bonds, and ETFs, commodities stand out as a distinctive option. Operating within a commodities exchange, a global marketplace facilitates the trade of various commodities, predominantly agricultural products and raw materials. Derivatives contracts, including forwards, futures, and options, contribute to the dynamic nature of commodity trading. Addressing the investment approach, a seasoned commodity expert emphasises the pivotal role of the Nigerian capital market. Envisioning an optimised agricultural and solid minerals sector, he advocates for the establishment of a robust formal commodity trading ecosystem. The objective extends beyond profit, aiming to enhance food security, foster financial inclusion, spur economic growth, and improve overall productivity.


At NGCB NGCB Group, we take pride in introducing NG MetaTrader 5, a platform meticulously designed to elevate the commodity trading experience in Nigeria. With a commitment to transparency, security, and user-friendliness, we aim to empower traders to navigate the intricacies of Nigeria's dynamic commodity markets.

Our platform, featuring low deposit requirements and tight spreads, reflects our unwavering dedication to providing advanced solutions. As we embark on this journey, NG MetaTrader 5 becomes more than just a trading tool; it symbolises our contribution to the evolution of Nigeria's commodity trading landscape.

In this comprehensive guide to commodity trade in Nigeria, NGCB Group emphasizes the pivotal role of technology, accessibility, and innovation. We believe that by fostering inclusivity and embracing advancements like NGMetaTrader 5, we contribute to the growth and efficiency of Nigeria's commodity market, paving the way for a future marked by broader participation and success for all traders.

- NGCB Team